Save Comp. According to Antonio Pigafetta and Georg Eberhard Rumphius, Malay people believed that the tree was also the home of the huge bird or bird-like creature Garuda (or Rukh of the Arabs). In the Victorian era, General Charles George Gordon, who visited the Seychelles in 1881, believed that the Vallée de Mai on the island of Praslin was the original Garden of Eden as described in the Bible, and that the coco de mer was the forbidden fruit of the tree of the knowledge of good and evil. The Story of the Coco de Mer . The leaves are fan-shaped, 7-10 m long and 4.5 m wide with a 4 m petiole. Get a round-up of all our stories published during the past week delivered to your email every Saturday. Introducing the Legendary Coco de Mer Palm of the Republic of Seychelles. It is dioecious, with separate male and female plants. This time I am accompanied by Dr Christopher Kaiser-Bunbury, an ecologist who studies the networks of life supported by the palms. They're famous because of their shape. Video: 52682008 Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. The source of the nut was eventually traced back to the Seychelles, sometime in the middle of the 18th century, where the explorers found another surprise in waiting. Middle Eastern princes and even the Holy Roman Emperor, Rudolf II, offered a fortune for these rare treasures. Their appearance is particularly remarkable: the female fruit looks like the female sex organ, the male tree has a phallic inflorescence. No plant on the Seychelles island of Praslin evokes such emotional reactions as the Coco de Mer. vallee de mai nature reserve in praslin. Not surprisingly, this nut was viewed by people in other parts of the world as a rare and fascinating object with mythological and even magical properties. The resemblance to human reproductive organs gave rise to a new folklore that on dark storm nights, when no one is looking, the trees uproot themselves and lock in passionate carnal embrace. The Coco de Mer seeds became known as the 'coconuts of the sea.' The nature and origin of this extraordinary nut was mysterious, and the propagation of the tree was not understood. On mature individuals, the leaves are often fringed at the edges. These floating nuts did not germinate. The flowers are borne in enormous fleshy spadices (spikes), the … The dioecious coco de mer palm (Lodoicea maldivica) produces by far the largest seeds of any plant. But it is the shape and not the size of the seeds, that makes coco de mer famous; the seeds bear an uncanny resemblance to a woman’s butt. Photo credit: chaletsdanseforbans.blogspot.in. The Dutch Admiral Wolfert Hermanssen also received a nut as a gift for his services, from the Sultan of Bantam in 1602, for fighting the Portuguese and protecting the capital of Bantam. No need to register, buy now! In the Maldives, any coco de mer nuts that were found in the ocean or on the beaches were supposed to be given to the king, and keeping a nut for yourself or selling it could have resulted in the death penalty. The tallest on record, measured on the ground after felling, was 186 feet (56.7 meters) in total height. Even today the pollination process of coco de mer is not fully understood, and this just adds to the allure of the palm. However juveniles produce much longer petioles; up to 29' 6" (9 meters) or even 33 feet (10 meters). However, the nut that the admiral was given was missing the top part; apparently the Sultan had ordered the top of the nut to be cut off, in order not to upset the noble admiral’s modesty. Because of these unusual, eroticshapes, some people believed that the trees made passionate love on stormy nights. The Coco de Mer is considered the most erotic fruit in the world. And, unlike the more familiar fruit of the coconut tree, the coco de mer fruit is not adapted to disperse naturally by floating on the ocean water. coco de mer, male, inflorescence, coconut, palm, coconut tree, endemic, seychelles, tropical Public Domain The Coco de Mer is considered the most erotic fruit in the world. It grows to 25-34 m tall. Fond Ferdinand, Praslin Island Picture: Coco de mer tree (male) - Check out Tripadvisor members' 12,074 candid photos and videos. This is one of those few examples of how seed dispersal occurs by gravity alone. Sign up for FREE today. Because of its unusual shape and size, the nut was viewed as a fascinating object with powerful aphrodisiac qualities. He loaded up with a cargo of these unusual nuts, which he later sold in Indian markets. Unlike the coconut palm, the coco de mer palm has separate male and female trees. The amazing coco de mer today holds five botanical records —(1) it produces the largest wild fruit, weighing up to 42 kg; (2) its seeds weighing up to 17.6 kg are the world's heaviest; (3) it produces the longest known cotyledon, up to four meters; (4) the female flowers are the largest of any palm, and (5) it is the most efficient plant known at recovering nutrients from moribund leaves. New legends about the coco de mer came into existence after 1743, when the real coco de mer trees were discovered. It is The leaves are fan-shaped, 7 to 10 meters long and 4.5 meters wide. [10] General Gordon wrote: externally the coco-de-mer represents the belly and thighs, the true seat of carnal desires[11], It occurred to at least some of Gordon's readers that if coco de mer was really the forbidden fruit, Eve would have had a very hard time handing this gigantic fruit (which weighs 15–30 kg) to Adam. [12], Legends predating the discovery of the Seychelles, Legends after the discovery of the Seychelles, "West Australian Nutgrowing Society Yearbook", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Legends_of_the_coco_de_mer&oldid=984621570, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 21 October 2020, at 03:59. Tourist attraction ; Tourist woman pointing Coco de Mer on palm tree in botanical garden. In another similarly homosapien similarity, the Coco de Mer tree takes between 20 and 30 years to bear fruit, and a further seven years to fully mature, however, men may blush to be outdone by a plant as the female fruits grow up to 10 inches and males up to 12 inches in length. At that time the nut can float, but is no longer fertile, thus when the ocean currents cause the nut to wash up on a distant beach, for example in the Maldives, a tree cannot, and does not, grow from the nut. The catkin is the male flower of the fruit, and it looks equally like a giant male phallus. The female plant bears the feminine-shaped coco de mer seed and the male plant, a catkin. this Tree is still one family with the type of palm tree that is widely known. This is Part 2 on my adventure to try and find what is likely the weirdest fruit in the world, the Coco de Mer. Fruits of coco de mer are developed only on female trees. Coco De Mer Male Flower Tree - Download From Over 151 Million High Quality Stock Photos, Images, Vectors, Stock Footage. Coco de mer fruit male at Vallee de Mai Nature Reserve in Praslin, Seychelles. Before the Seychelles were discovered and settled, nuts of this species were sometimes carried by the ocean currents to distant shores, such as those of the Maldives, where the tree was unknown. This is still reflected in its current scientific name, Lodoicea maldivica. Luís de Camões wrote: O'er lone Maldivia's islets grows the plant,beneath profoundest seas, of sov'reign might,whose pome of ev'ry Theriack is confest,by cunning leech[5] of antidotes the best [6], In 1769, Jean Duchemin sailed to Praslin, the second largest island in the Seychelles, on the ship L’Heureuse Marie. Apparently the love-making trees are rather shy, and the legend has it that whoever sees … Indeed, one of coco de mer’s archaic botanical name was Lodoicea callipyge, where callipyge in Greek means “beautiful buttocks”. The coco de mer (Lodoicea maldivica) has tall slender trunks that rise more than 30 meters above the ground. When a coco de mer fruit falls into the sea, it cannot float because of its great weight and density; instead it sinks to the bottom. The nut of the coco de mer is very large (the largest seed in the plant kingdom) and is oddly shaped, being the shape and size of a woman's disembodied buttocks on one side, and a woman's belly and thighs on the other side. Their withered ends hang from the palm below the vibrant, healthy green crown. This belief gave the tree its name, “coco de mer”, which is French for "coconut of the sea". Many sailors had seen the nut rising up from the sea bed, and thought they grew on underwater trees, in a forest at the bottom of the Indian Ocean. Male catkins (pictured above) of the Coco-de-Mer grow on a separate tree some distance away from the female nut-bearing tree. The nuts that were found in the ocean and on the beaches no longer had a husk, and resembled the dismembered lower part of a woman's body, including the buttocks. In addition to its size, the fruit of this palm also has a series of the uniqueness of the other, here are 5 unique facts about the coco de mer. As an artist in the Seychelles, the seed of a palm tree called the coco de mer or `coconut of the sea’ found in this idyllic cluster of islands of 93,000 people, never ceases to fascinate me. When the fruit of a coco de mer falls into the sea, it cannot float because of its immense weight and density. Funny woman tourist with a male Lodoicea Maldivica nut, the palm with the largest walnut in the world. The male inflorescence. Download this stock image: Coco de Mer (Lodoicea maldivica) male tree, Sea coconut, Double coconut, Fond Ferdinand Nature Reserve, Praslin, Seychelles - KWD2K8 from Alamy's library of millions of high resolution stock photos, illustrations and vectors. After his trip, coco de mer nuts never again held the same extraordinary value. In those days, the coco de mer nuts held great value and all nuts found on the ocean or on the beaches became the immediate property of the King, who sold them at very high price or became precious regal gifts. The coco de mer palm has separate male and female trees, unlike the coconut palm. In this science article we look at the evolution, pollination, growth and seed dispersal of the Coco de Mer (Lodoicea maldivica) palm tree, also known as the ‘double coconut’. All Rights Reserved. According to the legend, male trees uproot themselves, and approach female trees. Photo credit: ViloWiki/Wikimedia. Fond Ferdinand, Praslin Island Picture: Coco de mer tree (male) - Check out Tripadvisor members' 12,071 candid photos and videos of Fond Ferdinand Find more prominent pieces of landscape at Wikiart.org – best visual art database. A kind of coconut. Plant unique palm is known by the name coco de Mer, a palm tree super rare it has the fruit size is very large. Instead it sinks to the bottom. ... the female and male plants must find a stormy night to embrace one another. [2] However, Rudolf II, Holy Roman Emperor was able to purchase one of these nuts for 4,000 gold florins. When a coco de mer fruit falls into the sea, it cannot float because of its great weight and density; instead it sinks to the bottom. [4] In one of his books, Dr. Berthold Carl Seemann mentioned that many believed the nuts to be an antidote to all poisons. It formerly also occurred on St Pierre, Chauve-Souris and Ile Ronde (Praslin) in the Seychelles group but has become extinct on these islands. Here in the Vallee de Mai, on Praslin, the Seychelles' second largest island, the dominant plant is the coco-de-mer palm tree. [3][4] João de Barros believed that coco de mer possessed amazing healing powers, superior even to those of "the precious stone Bezoar". The butt-shaped nut came from the female tree while the male … Male trees have long phallic-looking catkins. Fond Ferdinand Nature Reserve, near Anse Marie-Louise, Praslin, Seychelles. The African priests also believe that sometimes the coco de mer trees rose up above the ocean surface, and when this happened, the waves that the trees created did not allow any ship nearby to sail away and the helpless sailors were eaten by the Garuda.[2]. In the islands of Praslin and Curieuse, in the Seychelles, grows one of the most exclusive palm trees in the world. The palm it produces grows only in the Seychelles. Credit: Julius Silver under a GNU Free Documentation Licence So a Coco de Mer fruit is an original souvenir to bring home from the Seychelles – it looks, well, intruiging, to say the least. The coco de mer tree grows to 25 to 34 meters tall. When Major General Charles George Gordon of the British Army landed on Vallée de Mai on the island of Praslin in the Seychelles in 1881, he was convinced he had found the biblical Garden of Eden. (Gerard Larose, STB) Photo License: CC-BY Fond Ferdinand, Praslin Island Picture: Coco de mer tree (male) - Check out Tripadvisor members' 12,059 candid photos and videos. It’s used in Ayurvedic medicine, Chinese medicine, and as a … Unlike the coconut palm, the coco de mer palm has separate male and female trees. This association is reflected in one of the plant's archaic botanical names, Lodoicea callipyge Comm. It is dioecious , meaning that reproduction requires separate male and female plants. Malay seamen had seen coco de mer nuts "falling upwards" from the sea bed, and so they had reasoned that these nuts must grow on underwater trees, in a forest at the bottom of the Indian Ocean. 1. The male Seychelles palm presents itself with a phallic inflorescence After a 1990 forest fire and years of development, There are only 24,457 coco de mer palms left on Praslin and Curieuse, half are male, and two-thirds are too young to bear fruit. ex J. The coco de mer palm hasn’t yielded all of its secrets yet, though. The Seychelles' Coco De Mer tree produces the largest seed of any plant. Find the perfect coco de mer palm tree stock photo. third person view. [2] The nuts were praised not only by scientists and botanists, but also by poets. Lodoicea Maldivica nut or Sea coconut forest. The legend goes that whoever sees the trees making love either die or go blind. Male trees have long phallic-looking catkins. The Lodoicea maldivica palm tree has separate male and female plants. And, unlike the more familiar fruit of the coconut tree, the coco de mer fruit is not adapted to disperse naturally by floating on the ocean water. Fruits of coco de mer are developed only on female trees. Nut and tree of the coco de mer, a rare species of palm tree native to the Seychelles archipelago in the Indian Ocean, is the subject of various legends and lore. Exactly how the female flowers – the largest of any palm – are pollinated remains a mystery. Coco de mer is endemic to the Seychelles islands of Praslin and Curieuse. seychelles. [4], New legends about the coco de mer came into existence after 1743, when the real coco de mer trees were discovered. I have visited the Vallee de Mai many times in the past 20 years, but each time I go I learn something new. Around 5,000 specimens are in the Vallée de Mai on the island of Praslin, an almost 20 hectare high valley that Unesco declared a World Heritage Site in 1983. The male flowers are arranged in a catkin-like inflorescence up to 1 m long which continues to produce pollen over a ten-year period; one … Because of these unusual, erotic shapes, some people believed that the trees made passionate love on stormy nights. There it was gathered from the beaches and traded with other countries. The Coco de mer is a palm endemic to the islands of Praslin and Curieuse in the Seychelles. It is a keystone species in an ancient palm forest that occurs only on two small islands in the Seychelles, yet contemporary rates of seed production are low, especially in fragmented populations. It takes 6-7 years for a fruit to mature and a further two years for it to germinate into a new plant. Apparently the love-making trees are rather shy, and the legend has it that whoever sees the trees mating will die or go blind. After spending a considerable period of time on the sea bed, the husk weakens and drops off. Fond Ferdinand Nature Reserve, near Anse Marie-Louise, Praslin, Seychelles. Possibly the most renowned feature of coco de mer are its enormous seeds—the largest and heaviest seeds in the plant world. St.-Hil., in which callipyge is from the Greek words meaning "beautiful rump". Centuries ago, before Seychelles were discovered and settled, the nuts from coco de mer used to wash up on distant shores, such as the Maldives, where the tree was unknown. The coco de mer palm has separate male and female trees, unlike the coconut palm. The leaves are fan-shaped, 7 to 10 meters long and 4.5 meters wide. [1] African priests believed that the Garuda was capable of hunting elephants and tigers. The exceptional size and suggestive form of the nut, the circumstances of its discovery, and some unusual qualities of the trees have given rise to several legends. The fact that even now the pollination of the coco de mer is not fully understood, is one of the factors behind the legend.[7][8][9]. It is huge and strangely formed of two domed parts that, depending on your imagination, could resemble the female or male pubic triangle, or even the derriere, writes Nathan Kiwere. The butt-shaped nut came from the female tree while the male flowers develop into very suggestive phallic-looking catkins. According to the legend, male trees uproot themselves, and approach female trees. The coco de mer has been the stuff of mystery and legend, perhaps more than any other tree in the world. The leaves are fan-shaped, 7–10 m long and 4.5 m wide with a 4 m petiole in mature plants. © Amusing Planet, 2020. Known as "Love Nuts," the seeds aren't just famous because of their size. The Vallée de Mai is home to a particularly mysterious allusion to the birth of man and woman: the coco de mer, a rare type of palm tree known for its suggestive “male” and “female” … The coco-de-mer leaves hold remarkable lifespan of over 50 years, perhaps the longest lifespan of any leaf in the plant kingdom. Similar Footage See All. The coco de mer palm has separate male and female trees, unlike the coconut palm. However, after the fruit has been on the sea bed for a considerable period of time, the husk drops off, the internal parts of the nut decay, and the gases that form inside the nut cause the bare nut to rise up to the surface. 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