Areas covered include atomic structure, physical properties, atomic interaction, thermodynamics, identification, atomic size, crystal structure, history, abundances, and nomenclature. All antimony compounds are highly toxic. Image showing periodicity of the logarithm of the abundance of the chemical elements as a cityscape on a periodic table grid. The relative atomic mass of Antimony is 121.760 u. Trivial name of Antimony is pentels, pnictogens*. Illustration about Antimony is a chemical element with symbol Sb from Latin: stibium and atomic number 51. This is nice clean bulk grade antimony metal, in the form of broken polycrystalline lumps. The elemental classification of Antimony is Metalloids, and it belongs to group 15 and period 5 in the Periodic Table of Elements. It occurs chiefly as the gray sulfide mineral stibnite. Common chemical compounds are also provided for many elements. Learn applications, properties, health effects & uses of antimony with videos. Antimony, symbol Sb, has a Simple Trigonal structure and Silver color. Complete and detailed technical data about the element Antimony in the Periodic Table. Antimony is a poor conductor of heat and electricity, it is stable in dry air and is not attacked by dilute acids or alkalis. And the mineral hardness of Antimony is 3 Mohs. No data for any oxides of antimony. Antimony was discovered by Basil Valentine of Germany in 1450. It is a bluish-white metal with a flaky crystalline texture and metallic luster. Hazards and risks associated with antimony: Antimony compounds are encountered rarely by most people. Basil Valentine described its preparation in his work "Triumphal Chariot of Antimony… Comprehensive data on the chemical element Antimony is provided on this page; including scores of properties, element names in many languages, most known nuclides of Antimony. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. Compare Antimony vs Phosphorus of the Periodic Table on all their Facts, Electronic Configuration, Chemical, Physical, Atomic properties. Description and origins of Antimony Goblets, a sample of the element Antimony in the Periodic Table. Antimony exists in many allotropic forms. Explore the different alchemical symbols for antimony and learn how the alchemists viewed this element, in this Visual Elements Periodic Table resource from the Royal Society of Chemistry Look up chemical element names, symbols, atomic masses and other properties, visualize trends, or even test your elements knowledge by playing a periodic table game! Stibnite (a sulphide) is its commonest ore. Stibnite (a sulphide) is its commonest ore. Antimony in the form of Antimony(III) sulfide, Sb2S3 was known to the ancients as early as about 3100 BC and was used by them as an eye cosmetic. Antimony, a metallic element belonging to the nitrogen group (Group 15 [Va] of the periodic table). Antimony has been known since ancient times. The metallic form is considered to be less active whereas stibine (SbH 3) and antimony trioxide are extremely toxic. I've melted and cast this stuff (see next two samples) and it's really quite an odd metal to cast, probably because it's right on the line between being a metal and not a metal. It belongs to the nitrogen family. Antimony is a semimetallic chemical element which can exist in two forms: the metallic form is bright, silvery, hard and brittle; the non metallic form is a grey powder. The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H.. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. I tried to include a lot of the symbolism about the element; easily the most noticeable one is the Egyptian eye in the middle. Antimony compounds have been known since ancient times and were powdered for use as medicine and cosmetics, often known by the Arabic name, kohl. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. Element 51 of Periodic table is Antimony with atomic number 51, atomic weight 121.76. Antimony compounds cause severe liver damage. Antimony is found in stibnite (Sb2S3) and in valentinite (Sb2O3). It is a hard, brittle, silvery-white semimetal that is stable in dry air. Atomic number of Antimony is 51 and it is indicated by the symbol Sb. Each entry has a full citation identifying its source. Antimony. Fully descriptive writeups. Table. >> show more Like arsenic, which sits directly above it in the periodic table, the toxicity of antimony and its compounds varies according to the chemical state of the element. Antimony trioxide (Sb 3 O 2) Antimony pentafluoride (SbF 5) Antimony tribromide (SbBr 3) Interesting facts: Nicolas Lemery described it first in 1707. Its monatomic form (H) is the most abundant chemical substance in the Universe, constituting roughly 75% of all baryonic mass. The melting point of antimony is 630.74°C, the boiling point is 1950°C, specific gravity is 6.691 (at 20°C), with a valence of 0, -3, +3, or +5. Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure. antimony (symbol Sb) Toxic semimetallic element of group V of the periodic table. The origin of the name comes from the Latin word stibium meaning mineral stibnite. It is toxic by ingestion or inhalation. Other metalloids include boron, silicon, germanium, arsenic, and tellurium. The following uses for antimony are gathered from a number of sources as well as from anecdotal comments. Antimony. Its ores are widely distributed. This was included because historically, ancient Egyptians used stibnite (antimony and sulfur) to line their eyes. Hazards and Risks. It is found also as heavy metal antimonides and as antimony oxides ... showing periodicity of the logarithm of the abundance in the earth's crust of the chemical elements as a heat map on a periodic table grid. But antimony helped me see what a glorious mishmash the periodic table is, and that even its most obscure corridors have stories to tell. Two allotropic forms of antimony exist; the usual stable metallic form and the amorphous gray form. Properties . It is used in some alloys, particularly in hardening lead for batteries and type metal, and in semiconductors. I would be delighted to receive corrections as well as additional referenced uses.. used in semiconductor technology for making infrared detectors, diodes, and Hall-effect devices Metallic antimony is extremely brittle. Discoverer. Metalloids are elements that are neither purely metal nor non-metal. The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H.. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. Antimony is a metalloid element. Compound Thermochemical cycle / kJ mol-1 Calculated / kJ mol-1; SbF 3: 5295 (no value) SbCl 3: 5032 (no value) SbBr 3: 4954 (no value) SbI 3: 4867 (no value) No data for any hydrides of antimony. Phosphorous, Arsenic, Bismuth and Moscovium are the other elements in the nitrogen family. An example of the element Antimony: Sample Image; Bulk Commercial Grade. It is a lustrous, silvery, bluish white solid that is very brittle and has a flaky texture. Periodic Table of the Elements: Antimony Atomic Number: 51 Atomic Symbol: Sb Antimonyantimony [Lat. The density of Antimony is 6690 kg / m 3. Sb Element (Antimony) - Antimony is chemical element number 51, with atomic weight 122, chemical symbol Sb, and is a member of group 15 of the periodic table. The melting point of Antimony is 904 Kelvin (631 ℃). This element has been known since ancient times.The particular discoverer is not known. ASCII PERIODIC TABLE OF THE ELEMENTS Sb Relative atomic mass: 121.760 +- 0.001 English: Antimony French: Antimoine Croatian: Antimon German: Antimon Italian: Antimonio Spanish: Antimonio Atomic number: 51 Group numbers: 15 Period: 5 Standard state (20 o C): solid Discovery: - - Antimony has been known since ancient times. Interactive periodic table showing names, electrons, and oxidation states. All values of lattice energies are quoted in kJ mol-1. Antimony: In my tile I used pencil crayon only. Our antimony page has over 240 facts that span 110 different quantities. Antimony (Sb, atomic number 51) is a toxic chemical element. A look at what EDAX's EBSD products can detect in regards to Antimony. It rarely occurs free in nature. Antimony is sometimes found as the free element, but more usually as antimony sulphide (Sb 2 S 3, stibnite). It is classed among the group of metalloids. Antimony reacts with in air and form trioxide antimony: 4 Sb (s) + 3 O 2 (g) → 2 Sb 2 O 3 (s) (Flame is Bluish white). Extra videos -- Our YouTube Channel -- Sixty Symbols (physics) -- Numberphile (maths) -- Facebook -- Twitter -- Email Interactive periodic table with up-to-date element property data collected from authoritative sources. Many of the salts are carcinogenic. Antimony is a chemical element and it is a member of group 15 and period 5 in the periodic table. Illustration of square, gray, element - 155334278 Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure.The chemical symbol for Hydrogen is H. With a standard atomic weight of circa 1.008, hydrogen is the lightest element on the periodic table. Related article: Periodic Table of the Elements (table)Periodic Table of the Elements (showing atomic number and atomic symbol; click on atomic symbol for more detailed information) Groups ..... Click the link for more information. Antimony – Periodic Table – Atomic Properties Antimony is a lustrous gray metalloid, it is found in nature mainly as the sulfide mineral stibnite. Periodic Table of Elements Element Antimony - Sb. Visualize trends, 3D orbitals, isotopes, and mix compounds. Hydrogen is a chemical element with atomic number 1 which means there are 1 protons and 1 electrons in the atomic structure. Antimony is a chemical element of the periodic table with chemical symbol Sb and has atomic number 51 with an atomic mass of 121.76 u and it belongs to the element category metalloid. At red heat, Reacts with water and form Antimony (lll) oxide: Sb reacts slowly at ambient temperature. 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