WIC (West-Indische Compagnie), Australia and the Dutch East India Company (VOC), India. Beginning in the 17th century with the tiny Dutch settlement, the book charts the growth of Cape Town over almost three centuries, ending with the British colonial city. The Cape society in this period was thus a diverse one. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Arabia and Persian Gulf. According to the Namibian census 2001 the Afrikaans language is the second language of Namibia (11% of the total population). South Africa - South Africa - Growth of the colonial economy: From 1770 to 1870 the region became more fully integrated into the world capitalist economy. 453-473, – Marais, Johannes Stephanus “The Cape Coloured People, 1652-1937” ? Today South Africa is an ethnically and culturally diverse country, where the descendants of the Dutch settlers form only a minority. This web site was first on line on 3 October 1998 (at geocities.com as "Dutch Portuguese Colonial History"). The emergence of Afrikaans reflects this diversity, from its roots as a Khoe-Dutch pidgin, to its subsequent creolisation and use as "Kitchen Dutch" by slaves and serfs of the colonials, and its later use in Cape Islam by them when it first became a written language that used the Arabic letters. The more modern name for the white South Africans descended from Dutch settlers (earlier known as Boers). www.colonialvoyage.com © Copyright 1998-2020, All Rights Reserved. The name went to South Africa with the Dutch settlers in 1652. As these farms were labour-intensive, Vryburghers imported slaves from Madagascar, Mozambique and Asia (Dutch East Indies and Dutch Ceylon), which rapidly increased the number of inhabitants. Jan van Riebeeck established the colony as a re-supply and layover port for vessels of the VOC trading with Asia. A historical sketch of the development of the church under VOC and British rule its schisms and dissidents, as well as short data on other churches in the territory. The initial years were a struggle for the settlers but gradually, with hard work, conditions improved. 296 p. Longmans 1939 London (reprint Witwatersrand University Press : 1957, 1968, 1978). Crimean War. The greatest linguistic legacy of the Netherlands was in its colony in South Africa, which attracted large numbers of Dutch farmer (in Dutch, Boer) settlers, who spoke a simplified form of Dutch called Afrikaans, which is largely mutually intelligible with Dutch. At the time of first European settlement in the Cape, the southwest of Africa was inhabited by Sān ("Foragers") and "Khoekhoe" peoples, the latter being primarily pastoral people with a population estimated between 13,000 and 15,000. The History of Trincomalee (Sri Lanka) during Portuguese and Dutch rule, Trincomalee: The first British occupation and the definitive Dutch surrender, Trincomalee: The consolidation of the Dutch presence, Trincomalee: The new Dutch occupation and the reconstruction of the Fort, Trincomalee: The Dutch conquest and the abandonment of the Fort, Trincomalee: The arrival of the Danes, the Dutch and the construction of the Portuguese Fort, The History of Trincomalee during Portuguese and Dutch rule: Introduction, The Dutch Fort of Galle in Sri Lanka (Ceylon), The Fort of Malacca: Portuguese-Dutch Fortress of Malacca (Melaka), The abortive expedition of Don Juan de Silva against the Dutch in the East Indies (1612-1616), Recife Forts: Fort do Brum, Fort das Cinco Pontas, Recife: the capital of sugar cane of Colonial Brazil, Fort Orange (Oranje), Itamaracá: a Dutch fortress in Brazil, Dutch in Chile: Hendrick Brouwer’s expedition to Valdivia, Dutch New York: The Dutch settlements in North America, Dutch and Courlanders on Tobago. By order of that company in 1652, Jan van Riebeeck arrived with a few other Dutch settlers at the Cape of Good Hope to establish this half-way station so that fresh vegetables and fruits could be provided to prevent scurvy among the Company’s sailors. Dutch control did not last long, however, as the outbreak of the Napoleonic Wars (18 May 1803) invalidated the Peace of Amiens. 320 pp. Jan van Riebeeck Image source. The Cape Colony (Dutch: Kaapkolonie) was a United East India Company (VOC) colony in Southern Africa, centered on the Cape of Good Hope, whence it derived its name. When Great Britain took over South Africa and the Dutch settlers moved farther North, which African group fought that expansion? true. In order to avoid collision with the Bantu peoples advancing south, north and west from east central Africa, the VOC agreed in 1780 to make the Great Fish River the boundary of the colony. According to the South African Census 2001, Afrikaans is the majority language in Western Cape province (2,500,748 speakers) and Northern Cape province (559,189 speakers) it’s the second language in Eastern Cape province (600,057 speakers), in Free State province (323,082 speakers), in Gauteng province (1,269,176 speakers), in North West province (275,681 speakers); there is a large number of speakers also in the other provinces: Kwa-zulu Natal (140,833 speakers, 4th), Limpopo (122,531 speakers, 4th) and Mpumalanga (192,129 speakers, 5th). The Boers, also known as Afrikaners, were the descendants of the original Dutch settlers of southern Africa. List of Dutch colonial forts and possessions, Arabia and Persian Gulf. [4] The Khoena ("People") were disgruntled by the disruption of their seasonal visit to the area for which purpose they grazed their cattle at the foot of Table Mountain only to find European settlers occupying and farming the land, leading to the first Khoi-Dutch War as part of a series of Khoekhoe-Dutch Wars. Bibliography of Dutch Colonial History 17th-18th century, Indonesia. VAN DER MERWE Dutch, South African While the name is currently very common in South Africa, it originates in Holland, literally meaning "From the Merwe". – Elphick, R., and Hermann Giliomee “The Shaping of South African Society, 1652-1820” ? XI, 280 pp. The Afrikaans Language Monument in Paarl. As the only permanent settlement of the Dutch United East India Company not serving as a trading post, it proved an ideal retirement place for employees of the company. There were also farmers outside the town. The first and largest wave of Dutch settlers in Brazil was between 1640 and 1656. 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