Throughout this essay we will gain a recognition of Miriam's qualities and the effect she had on the destiny of the Jewish nation. Miriam is one of a few select women who served Jehovah in this special way.—Judges 4:4; 2 Kings 22:14; Isaiah 8:3; Luke 2:36. In the New Testament of the Bible, written in Greek, her name is transliterated Mariam (Μαριάμ) or Maria. This article is about the biblical prophetess and sister of, Biblical narratives and the Qur'an § Miriam and Mary, "Fragments from the Lost Writings of Irenaeus, XXXII", Miriam’s Cup: Miriam’s Cup rituals for the family Passover seder, "Why Miriam's Cup? Cleverly, Miriam arranged that the real mother of the baby should be a wet-nurse for the baby. Although the Bible shows Miriam did not hold a position equal to that of Moses, she seems to have been viewed as a near equal to Aaron in importance. There are two Miriams mentioned in the Old Testament. Several other women in the New Testament, including … Both horse and driver he has hurled into the sea. Miriam was the first woman in the Bible to be given the title prophetess. Miriam, the Jealous Sister. See All. Often, the reader sees the good in the heroes as well as the bad. Upon seeing Miriam's punishment Aaron asks Moses to speak to God on her behalf. .10 ¶ And the cloud departed from off the tabernacle; and, behold, Miriam became leprous, white as snow: and Aaron looked upon Miriam, and, behold, she was leprous. According to the Midrash, the Leviathan and Behemoth,[38] as well as the Ziz,[39] are to be served at the Seudat Techiyat HaMetim[40] (the feast for the righteous following the Resurrection of the Dead), to which the Passover Seder alludes, insofar as it commemorates the past Redemption together with the Cup of Elijah's heralding the future, Final Redemption. What can we learn from Miriam? Miriam, Aaron and Moses were the children of Amram and Jochebed (Exodus 6:20) who were from the Levite tribe (Exodus 2:1). Who Was Miriam’s Mother? Several chapters later, in Numbers 20, she dies and is buried at Kadesh. Miriam died and was buried there."[7]. Miriam, the daughter of Amram and Yocheved, and older sister of her two famous brothers, Aaron and Moses, was born in Egypt just when the Jewish people were reduced to slavery, oppression and hard labor.This was in the year 2362 (after Creation), eighty-six years before the liberation. Miriam the prophetess. She was born four years before Aaron and seven years before Moses. Miriam prudently asked her if she would like a Hebrew woman to nurse th… Exodus 15:1-21. Wherefore then were ye not afraid to speak against a man like Moses, who is, moreover, My servant? The Bible thus reminds us that Jehovah is watching us and is eager to honor our humble efforts, our patience, and our desire to praise him. Bible Dictionaries - Smith's Bible Dictionary - Miriam Miriam [N] [E] [H] ( rebellion ), the sister of Moses, was the eldest of that sacred family; and she first appears, probably as a young girl, watching her infant brothers cradle in the Nile, ( Exodus 2:4 ) and suggesting her mother as a nurse. Instiller of faith, enabler of redemption. Accordingly, the lamb (earth), egg (air) and fish (water) in the Seder symbolize the three prophets Moses, Aaron and Miriam, respectively, whom God chose to redeem the Jews from Egypt. It has been suggested that Josephus[17] and Irenaeus[18] (who merely cites Josephus) identify the Cushite woman as Tharbis, "the daughter of the king of the Ethiopians". Later, as the Israelites wander through the desert in search of the Promised Land, the midrash tells us that a well of water followed Miriam and quenched the people's thirst. They would be punished (or not) according to G-d's view: that is, a view that includes the panoramic inclusion of their immortal life. Miriam - Women of the Bible. She was Miriam, the oldest offspring of Amram and Jochebed, Hebrew slaves in the land of Egypt. [7], Rashi says that this well was the same rock from which Moses brought forth water after Miriam's death. I Myself ordered him to abstain from conjugal life, and the word he received was revealed to him clearly and not in dark speeches, he saw the Divine presence from behind when It passed by him. Instiller of faith, enabler of redemption. [20] In fact, Josephus[21] himself later records Moses' marriage to Tzipora as separate and subsequent to his earlier marriage to Tharbis. According to the Hebrew Bible, Miriam was the older sister of Moses and Aaron. Verse Concepts. The Biblical female name Miriam is of Hebrew origin and is considered to be an older version of the name Mary. Later on, Asiya, wife of Pharaoh, finds Moses at the river and adopts him as her own, but Moses refuses to be suckled by her. [34] Similarly, the lamb, egg and fish also allude to the three mythical creatures in Jewish tradition—the land beast Behemoth,[35] the bird Ziz,[36] and the sea-creature Leviathan,[37] respectively. Miriam, the daughter of Amram and Yocheved, and older sister of her two famous brothers, Aaron and Moses, was born in Egypt just when the Jewish people were reduced to slavery, oppression and hard labor. The horse and its rider he has hurled into the sea." 23, p. 24b", Miriam's Cup: A New Ritual for the Passover Seder, ibn Abdullah ibn Abdul-Muttalib ibn Hashim, Current Ummah of Islam (Ummah of Muhammad), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Miriam&oldid=996540113, Articles with unsourced statements from June 2016, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, Mother Abiona or Amtelai the daughter of Karnebo, Slayers of Saleh's she-camel (Qaddar ibn Salif and Musda' ibn Dahr). Telushkin, Joseph. Yahweh means 'the self-existent one'. When Miriam is re-introduced in this part of the story, the text refers to her as a "prophetess" (Exodus 15:20) and later in Numbers 12:2 she reveals that God has spoken to her. Who were Miriam's two brothers? This usage of the word Cushite is non-pejorative and is often used in Jewish sources as a term for someone unique and outstanding. [24][25]:217–228, The Talmud[26] says, "Three great leaders led Israel: Moses, Aaron and Miriam. God overhears their conversation and calls the three siblings into the Tent of Meeting, where God appears as a cloud before them. Miriam (מִרְיָם ‎ Mīrəyām) was described in the Hebrew Bible as the daughter of Amram and Jochebed, and the older sister of Moses and Aaron. After which time, upon fleeing as a solitary fugitive from Egypt,[19] the only marriage of Moses that the Torah records is with Tzipora the daughter of Yitro the Midianite. Yahweh is one of the ways the children of Israel referred to God. [15] Despite Miriam's intent to help Tzipora, she should have judged Moses favorably and approached Moses on Tzipora's behalf privately. He (briefly!) In the Quran, as in the Hebrew Bible, Miriam obeys her mother's request to follow the baby Moses as he floats down the river in a basket, their mother having set him afloat so he would not be killed by Pharaoh's servants and soldiers (28:11). Miriam is referenced in the Old Testament of the Bible as a prophetess and originally emerges in the Book of Exodus. She is shut outside the camp for the required period of time and the people wait for her. Miriam is most well-known to us as Moses's big sister. They also discuss how God has spoken to them too, implying that they are unhappy with the status quo between themselves and their younger brother. And there was no water for the congregation. Exodus 15:20 Exodus 15:20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aaron, took a tambourine in her hand; and all the women went out after her with tambourines and with dances. This was in the year 2362 (after Creation), eighty-six years before the liberation. So the future leader of the Hebrew people, Moses, owed his life to five women: Many commentators identify her as Miriam.Two genealogies listing Moses, Aaron, and Miriam as the sole children of Amram support the identification (Num 26:59; 1 Chr 6:3). While she is often overlooked, Miriam was the only person right by Moses’ side from birth to death. Tools. Miriam. As a result she had become tuma, “unclean”, meaning that she had lost her spiritual power.Her outward condition of leprosy was a sign of the inward condition of her soul. She is the only daughter of Amram and Jochebed. Then Miriam the prophetess, Aaron's sister, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women followed her, with tambourines and dancing. Her name (sometimes rendered as Mary in English) means 'bitter' although it could also signify 'one who loves or is loved by Yahweh'. Miriam is the elder sister of Aaron and Moses. The sister of Moses and Aaron, probably the one who watched over Moses in the ark of bulrushes, Exodus 2:4,5 Numbers 26 59 Micah 6 4. Who was Miriam's father? AMP. He describes the Aaronid priesthood in the Kingdom of Judah, which claimed descent from Aaron and which controlled the Temple in Jerusalem, as opposed to a priesthood which claimed allegiance to Moses and was based at Shiloh in the Kingdom of Israel. Bible Dictionaries - Smith's Bible Dictionary - Miriam Miriam [N] [E] [H] ( rebellion ), the sister of Moses, was the eldest of that sacred family; and she first appears, probably as a young girl, watching her infant brothers cradle in the Nile, ( Exodus 2:4 ) and suggesting her mother as a nurse. Miriam Facts for 9-13 Year Olds. Afterward, Miriam is left with bodily tzara'at, which according to Jewish sources is a divine punishment for slander. She first appears by name, however, in the crossing of the Red Sea (Exod 15:20–21). [6]:71, In the biblical narrative of The Exodus, Miriam is described as a "prophetess" when she leads the Israelites in the Song of the Sea after Pharaoh's army is destroyed at the Sea of Reeds. At this time Miriam emerges from her hiding place and approaches Pharaoh's daughter, offering to find a Hebrew woman to nurse the child. And he said, “Behold, I am making a covenant. The Midrash[8] explains the entire story as follows: It became known to Miriam and Aaron that Moses had separated from intimacy with his wife Tzipora. The Israelites, the whole community, arrived in the wilderness of Zin in the first month, and the people stayed at Kadesh. She was the steady supporter of her brother, but in the book of Numbers, chapter 12, she and Aaron begin to question Moses’ leadership and his wife. The prophet Micah says that the Lord delivered Israel out of Egypt by Moses and that Aaron and Miriam assisted him (Micah 6:4). Although her jealously later in life led to disaster, Miriam's quick wit as a young girl helped change the course of Israel's history by protecting its greatest spiritual leader. Miriam is the elder sister of Aaron and Moses. 7. (Numbers 26:59) Her baby brother would later be named Moses. Tools. This complete whiteness was, according to Leviticus 13: 13, precisely the condition for being pronounced clean again! Cain and Abel Moses and Aaron Jacob and Esau Isaac and Ishmael. Further elaboration identified the rock that Moses struck to bring forth water in Exodus 17:5–6 with this well, and it was said that the rock travelled with the people until Miriam's death. Unlike most women in the Bible, Miriam is never called wife or mother. Miriam, Aaron and Moses were clearly deeply loved by G-d, were especially gifted people, but we're still people. Aaron, the baby’s older brother, was about three at … Miriam is most well-known to us as Moses's big sister. The former Hebrew slaves have crossed the Red Sea and the waters have crashed down upon the Egyptian soldiers that were pursuing them. But God rebuked them by calling them all out "suddenly", causing Miriam and Aaron a great burning sensation since they lacked immersion in a mikva after marital relations. Miriam, the Jealous Sister. When her mother puts Moses in a basket and places it among the reeds of the Nile, Miriam watches from a distance to see what will happen to him. She was prophetess and a leader of the women of Israel. gave her a supernatural skin condition, which He cured. Miriam 's husband was Caleb son of Yefuneh of the tribe of Judah.1. 2.) Exodus 2:1-10. Miriam follows at a distance and sees the basket float near Pharaoh's daughter, who is bathing in the Nile. 11 And Aaron said unto Moses, Alas, my lord, I beseech thee, lay not the sin upon us, wherein we have done foolishly, and wherein we have sinned. See All. Throughout this essay we will gain a recognition of Miriam's qualities and the effect she had on the destiny of the Jewish nation. (See "The Passover Story" for more information.). Miriam sang to them [and she sings the same verse as verse 1 there, with a little bit of change in the pronoun]: "Sing to the LORD, for he is highly exalted. There is also a very similar Egyptian name, based on the word myr, meaning beloved or mr meaning love. [27] The Midrash states that when they encamped, the leader of each Tribe took his staff to the well and drew a line in the sand toward his Tribe's encampment. More From This Collection. Although Miriam is named a prophet, nowhere in Scripture does she function in the traditional prophetic role of speaking forth the word of God. She does start a liturgical tradition. Miriam: Miriam is an important figure in the Old Testament in the Christian Bible. Using interpretations from the documentary hypothesis, he notes that this story, which he calls "Snow-White Miriam", was authored by the Elohist who he claims was from, or supported, the Shiloh priesthood, and thus promoted this tale to assert Moses’ superiority over Aaron and thereby belittle the Aaronid priesthood in Judah. “The LORD is my strength and my defense; he has become my salvation. William Morrow: New York, 1997. The remarkable thing is that with Miriam it was apparently a form of leprosy in an advanced stage. Miriam’s story reveals that God pays attention to what his worshippers say to or about one another. This explains their claim that God spoke not only to Moses but also to them, yet they had not separated from their spouses. However, while Josephus does describe a legend (which is not written in the Torah) wherein Moses marries this princess during a military campaign he leads in Ethiopia, according to Josephus this marriage occurs while Moses is still a royal prince of Egypt long before he re-discovers his oppressed Jewish brethren. Miriam was cursed with leprosy– living death– because her spiritual ego had caused her to doubt and fight against God. Aaron Jochebed Amram Eleazar. The Torah refers to her as "Miriam the Prophetess"[1] and the Talmud[2] names her as one of the seven major female prophets of Israel. She has neither husband nor children. She was a prophetess and first appears in the Book of Exodus. While Miriam was looking after Moses, the daughter of Pharaoh came to the river to bathe and she saw Moses and had compassion on him. It is feminine -- ve'teddaber ("and she spoke") -- indicating that Miriam was the one who initiated the conversation against Moses (Telushkin, 130). But he adds that since there is a place called Cushan which is a region of Midian, and Moses’ wife Tzipora has already been identified as a Midianite, it is possible that the term "Cushite" relates to Tzipora's being from Cushan. Miriam is no exception. Furthermore, according to the conclusion of the Tharbis legend, Moses fashioned a miraculous ring which caused her to forget her love for him, and he then returned to Egypt alone. [29] Miriam's Cup originated in the 1980s in a Boston Rosh Chodesh group; it was invented by Stephanie Loo, who filled it with what she referred to as mayim chayim (living waters) and used it in a feminist ceremony of guided meditation. It has been suggested that since according to the Hebrew Bible anyone with tzara'at was tamei (Leviticus 13–14), Aaron was spared this punishment in order not to interrupt his duties as High Priest. Miriam, who is Aaron and Moses’ older sister, has the honor of being the first woman to be called a prophetess in the Bible. 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