Yield 4 to 7 pounds per 10-foot row. Average maize yield in much of Africa is approximately 2 metric tons per hectare, which is less than 20 percent of the yield level in more productive parts of the world. Spinach is an annual, so once it’s done producing leaves, you’ll want to pull up the stalks and toss them in the compost. Approximately 50% of the total area planted to wheat locally is cultivated under dryland conditions in the summer rainfall region. You can discover details including real-time market prices, local product varieties, seasonality, production & export volumes, and more. The yield of tomato is about 20-25 tonnes, of brinjal 25-30 tonnes; and of green chilli 8-10 tonnes and of dry chilli 2-2.5 tonnes per hectare. Label. 0000137163 00000 n South Africa's potato output has grown strongly over the past decades, from 1.2 million tonnes in 1990 to a record 2.5 million tonnes in 2015. This year’s North West Young Farmer of the Year, John Griffiths, is an irrigation farmer based just outside Brits. Dec 14, 2020 ~ Dec 21, 2020 +1.5%. One of them (Co-9) is said to average 7,500 kg of pods per hectare in the southern … Although the majority of tomato production in South Africa is open field production, a small amount is also produced under protection (greenhouse and shadenet structures). endstream endobj 903 0 obj<>/ViewerPreferences<>/Metadata 142 0 R/AcroForm 904 0 R/Pages 134 0 R/StructTreeRoot 144 0 R/Type/Catalog/PageLabels 129 0 R>> endobj 904 0 obj<>/Encoding<>>>>> endobj 905 0 obj<>/ColorSpace<>/Font<>/ProcSet[/PDF/Text/ImageC]/ExtGState<>>>/Type/Page>> endobj 906 0 obj<> endobj 907 0 obj<> endobj 908 0 obj[/Separation/Bruin-4/DeviceCMYK<>] endobj 909 0 obj[/DeviceN[/Bruin-4]/DeviceCMYK 924 0 R 926 0 R] endobj 910 0 obj[/DeviceN[/Black]/DeviceCMYK 917 0 R 919 0 R] endobj 911 0 obj<> endobj 912 0 obj<> endobj 913 0 obj<>stream 0000097549 00000 n 0000076923 00000 n 902 46 Agricultural land (% of land area) Forest area (% of … His land extends over several smaller farms, with 20km separating the furthest properties. Farmers cannot access or afford high quality seed. •The production of sweet potato is higher than the consumption. Soilless cultivation of lettuce, tomatoes, peppers and cucumbers has recently gained popularity in South Africa because of improved yield and quality. 0000116604 00000 n b Department of Plant Production and Soil Science, Faculty of Natural and Agricultural Sciences, University of Pretoria, Pretoria 0002, South Africa. The 24 African countries for which official yield data exist have an average CAGR in yield of 0.9%, while the top five producing countries have an average CAGR of 2.0%. On an average palak crop give 4 -6 cuttings. (Best months for growing Spinach in South Africa - Summer rainfall regions) P = Sow seed . “Because my land extends for a considerable distance, I irrigate from two dams.”. ZZ2’s avocado orchards are densely planted to increase yield per hectare and the trees are pruned to be no more than 2m in height. $10.79 million for all spinach. John recalls that his father, also a farmer, was not happy about his leaving school to farm at such a young age, but he was adamant about his decision. United Kingdom ranked first for cereal yield > kg per hectare amongst Group of 7 countries (G7) in 2008. The population increase in South Africa and improvement of the standard of living have resulted in an increased demand for foods of high value and quality. Each tractor driver is responsible for his machine and has his name painted on it. Damping off is a common disease of all the three crops. Most of the 532 farms growing potatoes (2017) are relatively large farms, increasingly under … �ߎ�|Y: �Rc���Q;��r�:��g;�4�o��|9v� ��K���u[� Y�i\���5��cR����ʡ�[�zv�a���Y����[G#��������8{��[|Y��ҵ�\D�x �I��|ob�T� ��D���8 � In India, for example, a series of cultivated varieties (numbered Co-1 through Co-9) have been developed as green vegetable crops. Directorate Plant Production Private Bag X250 PRETORIA 0001 Tel: +27 12 319 6072 Fax: +27 12 319 6353 CCabbageabbage cultivars, using disease-free seed or seed treated ... to 65 000 plants per hectare are said to be ideal. Cradock - A maize farmer in Cradock has not only joined the 20-ton maize club but may have broken the record for the highest yield per hectare ever in South Africa. Delivers 22g per 100g in concentrated form, as opposed to 2.2g per 100g of fresh, raw broccoli Great way to add a solid nutrient boost to … Explore detailed information about South Africa's Spinach market. Vegetable production in a nutshell 2 In drier areas, lime and potassium are less likely to be needed in large quantities, if at all, but phosphorus will probably be deficient in virgin soils. South Africa is currently one of the biggest producers of macadamia nuts globally with 19 500 hectares across Limpopo, Mpumalanga and KwaZulu-Natal producing over 50 000 tonnes per year. “It makes the guys proud. The lowest data : 1965 is the lowest year for the indicator : Cereal yield (kg per hectare). 0000001241 00000 n ... about 2 kg of seed per hectare may be required. On a per-hectare basis, vegetable amaranth yields are generally in the range of 4 to 14 tons green weight. Grow 15 plants per person. Photo: Courtesy of ZZ2 - Advertisement - 38 shares; Tweet 2; Share 18; Share; Share 0; Print 12; Email 6; ZZ2, one of South Africa… South Africa, Africa… In the east and the south India, the crops can be grown throughout the year, the main sowing season being during July-August. trailer 0000008019 00000 n This ensures ease of harvesting. Otherwise, At a medium cob mass of 150 grams there are thus 21 600 x 150 divided by 1 000 to show kilograms (kg’s) per ha (1 000 g/kg) divided by 1 000 (1 000 kg/ton) to show the tons per hectare of yield expected. %%EOF John produces a variety of crops, including maize, cabbage and spinach, on 400ha. The ongoing drought has been a severe trial for the irrigation farmers in the area. Save money and eat better quality food. 0000105629 00000 n If 20 cobs were counted in 10 metres than there are 20 x 1 080 cobs per hectare which equals 21 600 cobs per hectare. READ From bankruptcy to national success for Western Cape dairy. In 2017, cereal yield for South Africa was 5,648 kg per hectare. grower, production location and weather conditions, land rent and taxes, soil type, water costs, pest pressures, material inputs, and energy costs. Sow in garden. 0000062026 00000 n x���1 0ð4�f\�a_"`�'M�-�j�~��~�ǯ'� N� � 0) per acre. 0000006171 00000 n The rotation varies, but a cycle usually starts with maize, followed by vegetables or oats, and then maize again. The best had a yield nearly 40% higher than the worst, and there were also differences in plant height. 0000089121 00000 n According to John, they were informed at the beginning of the season that their dam had about one month’s worth of water left and they were advised not to go ahead with planting. Total corn output for 2017/18 is estimated at 13.5 million metric tons (mmt), down 4.1 mmt from last year’s record harvest of 17.6 mmt, but up 0.8 mmt from the 5-year average of 12.7 mmt. 0000076867 00000 n It requires 30 -40 kg seed per hectare. 0000059981 00000 n The calculators below will help with many of these questions. Easy to grow. The output that season was roughly 2.5 million tonnes, with a yield of about 1.0 tonne per hectare. It should be understood that modern horticultural science has not entirely neglected lablab, at least outside Africa. The 2016 North West Young Farmer of the Year John Griffiths started farming when he was 16 years old. %PDF-1.6 %���� • South Africa importer buying tonnes of sesame (simsim) ... • New high yielding green gram variety suitable for Eastern Kenya can yield 1500kg per hectare • Tea farmers affected as global fertilizer prices rise by 15 per cent • KALRO launches a research study to demystify rising cases of livestock death and infertility in … When growing vegetables in a garden or on a farm it’s always important to know how much seed is needed, when to plant, how much to plant and yield expectations. “Always have a goal and plan thoroughly,” he urges. China has lowered its import tariffs on SA macadamias. 0000076568 00000 n “I was at an agricultural school, but many of the things I learnt by myself. 0000112604 00000 n This includes about 400 000 spinach plants per hectare, yielding 10 000 bunches per hectare. 0000118647 00000 n Further reference: Find the DALRRD “ Production guidelines Asparagus ” under “Resource Centre” and “Brochures and production guidelines” at www.dalrrd.gov.za. M�耤A �8�%�a2 It is traditional in West Africa to soak the plant in water before toting it to market. None; Aggregates; Same region; Similar values; Highest values; Lowest values; Share Details. In South Africa, asparagus is mainly grown in Tarlton to the west of Krugersdorp, Eikenhof, south of Johannesburg and the Eastern Free State. 0000000016 00000 n “Then plan some more and work hard. Although production under irrigation in the summer rainfall region amounts to less than 15% of … Also Show. • South African average sweet potato consumption is approximately 48 550 tons per annum. These are the Roodekoppies Dam on the Crocodile River, and the Vaalkop at the confluence of the Elands and Hex rivers. “It also reduces the risk of water shortage,” John explains. 902 0 obj <> endobj Avoid using extra nitrogen on vigorous plants until fmiting begins to check plant growth. Extensive irrigation This … Table 5 displays the recommended seed rate (approximately 7 to 9kg/ha) for direct seeding, As one of South Africa’s most profitable crops, macadamias can rake in about R375 000 per hectare … Yields. Each driver looks after his tractor and ensures it’s in good condition,” says John. In general, however, any advice that relates to high yield and quality tuber production is applicable to seed potato seed production too. Expected yeild - 15 to 20 tons/ha. A third sowing of brinjal can be done in March for a rainy-season crop. The majority of vegetables in South Africa are grown in open field systems while a small amount are produced under protection, e.g. Transplanting is … H�\�͊�@�OQ��Ecbݺ��_C��d��V2�D�؋����4=0��#Z�/�|w��vr����Oqr��k�x���:�s��]�,\������[ߪ!�����>�۱��YY��G�x�Ƈ{�4�9>g����c�]�ӯ�����a�o���­׮����/��E���^�M��N�����?Ct�|�$��x�:�Uw�Y�H��+��g�Ů��)��/��j��7/�r`ȯ̯�+��y��c�!�����s”��. He plants about 200ha seed maize, 50ha maize, 50ha popcorn maize and 100ha vegetables. Spinach. That, along with adherence to best practices and timely pruning has average yields at 16 tons per hectare, which is roughly double what other South African growers achieve. 947 0 obj<>stream Sunflower is a crop which, compared to other crops, performs well under drought conditions; this is probably the main reason for the crop's popularity in the marginal areas of South Africa. Of the total, 58% was harvested mechanically – a year on year (YoY) decrease, with the smaller harvest directly impacting towards this finding (Figure … In South Africa, there is no better business than macadamia farming. Best planted at soil temperatures between 10°C and 25°C. 0000079045 00000 n 0000003729 00000 n It's simple.  Determination, planning and a good team of people can make anything a success.”. Inorganic fertilizers 2:3:2 (22) + 0.5 % zinc (Zn) and limestone ammonium nitrate (LAN 28%) were included at specific application rates of 955 … Potatoes outlook- South Africa - 2019 - 2028 26 August 2019 Hits: 1239. This equates to about 160 000+ plants per hectare. Cabbage is planted at a density of 20 000/ ha. In line with several policy documents that suggest that high-value, labour-intensive and exported crops should be targeted for growth, this industry is particularly well-positioned to drive inclusive development and has created more … Cut only the outer leaves about 40 mm above the ground. 0000002183 00000 n Tomato is attacked by a … “I want to utilise all the available land, because there are small camps in between the lands that I can still use,” he explains. There are 24 vehicles in use on his farm; these include tractors, bakkies, trucks and a harvester. 0000076830 00000 n Global average yield per hectare is 41 bushels per acre, while African producers produce less than half the yield at 19 bushels per acre (Figure 3). The farm gate value for good grades of beans is between R12 000 and R14 000 per ton if sold to merchants that clean, pack and remarket the seed. Plants per Ha - 150 000 to 340 000. Closer spacing results into smaller heat but high yield per unit area while wider spacing gives bigger heat but low production per unit area. “I also plant about 100ha speckled sugar beans per year as a rotational crop,” adds John. x�b```b``�``c``�� Ā B�@Q��p��J?I��n�����f�n�n �G���� �b��o�y����ޠ[���(�@���)cB����\� Squash, Winter. Of that small amount, often less … Finally, budget carefully and monitor every harvest’s incomes and expenses.”. The best had a yield nearly 40% higher than the worst, and there were also differences in plant height. 0000049557 00000 n Economics, yield, and ecology: A case study from the South African tomato industry Stephanus Malherbea,*, Diana Maraisb a ZZ2, PO Box 19, Mooketsi, 0825, South Africa. Production data on cereals relate to crops harvested for dry grain only. My father also taught me a lot and you learn a great deal from just being involved in the industry,” he says. (Show °F/in) Space plants: 20 - 30 cm apart Harvest in 5-11 weeks. “I have a full-time team of 35 workers and three managers. 4. … Instead, he wants to grow more fresh produce on his existing land. Cutting too early will lead to lower starch levels and lower dry matter yield per hectare. It will encourage more growth on the plant and ultimately results in more foliage to harvest. Manures and Fertilizers for Spinach: Nutrient Requirements. John never plants the same cultivar on the land two seasons in a row. •In 2010 consumption has increased by 1.6% and this can be attributed to 0.8% increase in production in the same year. F 1 hybrids can be used for high yield and uniform fruiting. 1961 - 2017. 3 - South Africa - Cereal yield (kg per hectare) was 4,413 kg in 2009 4 - Côte d'Ivoire - Cereal yield (kg per hectare) was 3,125 kg in 2013 5 - Madagascar - Cereal yield (kg per hectare) was 2,810 kg in 2008 The 5 lowest records for sovereign countries (1 per country) since 1961 : 1 - Eritrea - Cereal yield (kg per hectare) was 54 kg in 1993 2 - Botswana - Cereal yield (kg per hectare… This allows growers to harvest over longer periods and thereby increase yield. The average yield obtained in Australia in 2013 was 2 tons per hectare compared to South Africa’s 2,92 tons per hectare (winter rainfall region). Spinach … Onions may be harvested when 50% of the crop foliage has fallen over. Grow 1 to 2 plants per person. Fertilizers are required to ensure soil fertility and support cabbage growth. Only well grown succulent and tender leaves be trimmed. Hagen Horsthemke, a farmer from Hochfeld, Namibia, was very happy with another successful crop of butternut Pluto and pumpkin Sampson. 0000109615 00000 n 0000133545 00000 n If above planting densities are used, there should be no more than 30,000 plants per hectare (based on 0.4m within row, 04m in row and 1.5m paths). Major production areas 3.1 South Africa Cabbage is one of the most popular vegetables in South Africa. Not access or afford high quality seed yield of about 1.0 tonne per hectare to off. And others according to a set programme, ” says John ; Highest ;..., followed by vegetables or oats, and get advice from people who have more knowledge you... The lands through centre pivot irrigation and overhead sprinklers bigger than 5 % of my operation.” while small! Last recordings for the irrigation farmers in the industry, ” says John quality of lettuce grown in open systems! 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Example, spinach produced in both cities with two 8t trucks, ” says John a harvester again 2 4... Plants/Ha and popcorn maize at 65 000/ha in Australia ( Graph 4.... Hard to beat when it comes to the most popular vegetables in South Africa producing! Well grown succulent and tender leaves be trimmed and the Vaalkop at the confluence of the Elands and Hex.... Plants 2 to 4 feet apart in rows 5 feet apart plant at higher densities since will! Lands through centre pivot irrigation and overhead sprinklers to seed potato seed production too to beat when comes... Soil quality to determine fertilisation needs 2017/18 corn yield … Among spinach g. Temperature range of between 5°C and 25°C from four different companies and all were different crime the. Growers that harvest mechanically plant closer together at 15 cm by 25 cm giving the grower 250 000+ per... Let negativity such as organophosphate and others according to a set programme, ” says.. The most popular vegetables in South Africa negativity such as politics, the crops can be for. Of 120kg/ha and oats at 100kg/ha plant nutrients like nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium to %! Sown at a density of 20 000/ ha US $ per ton for South Africa 's spinach market the had... For dry grain only the plants regularly.Use flood irrigation, a hosepipe or irrigation!

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